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Siemens Energy strengthens German grid nodes with two STATCOM systems

The share of renewable energies is growing worldwide. However, their volatile feed-ins put significant strain on the power grids. Due to the geographical arrangement of renewable energy generation, the distance to the consumption centers is growing. In Germany, for example, the space is growing between large wind farms that feed into the energy grid in the north and load centers in other parts of the country. This makes the transmission network more susceptible to voltage fluctuations and interference. For a long time, large power plants have provided the reactive power necessary for grid stabilization. However, due to the energy transition many of these conventional power plants, which are operated with nuclear or fossil fuels, are being taken off the grid.
As a result, transmission system operators like Amprion set up STATCOM systems at important grid nodes. They compensate for the voltage fluctuations by regulating the reactive power as required, keeping the grid voltage in a stable range. In addition, the expansion of renewable energy generation allows greater use of power lines, reinforcing the need for increased reactive power compensation. This requires STATCOM systems with increasing capacities up to +/- 600 Mvar reactive power.
“The restructuring of the energy system requires many individual innovative solutions,” says Dr. Hendrik Neumann, Chief Technical Officer of Amprion GmbH. “We are very pleased to have Siemens Energy as an experienced technology partner at our side working with us on a stable power grid for the future.
“Powerful partnerships are the key to success to make the grids fit for the energy landscape of tomorrow,” says Beatrix Natter, Executive Vice President Transmission at Siemens Energy. “We are thankful for this trust and look forward to continuing to support Amprion in expanding the network in Germany as required and thus paving the way for a climate-friendly energy system.”
German transmission system operators have calculated a minimum expansion requirement for stationary and controllable compensation units for reactive power compensation in the network development plan. This controllable expansion requirement was defined to be between 23 and 28 Gvar and is expected to be covered to a large extent by STATCOM systems. Due to the increasing use of power electronic equipment in the network, network operators are also calling for new control concepts with grid-forming behavior for all STATCOM systems. These lead to a control behavior of the converter similar to rotating synchronous generators, such as those used in conventional power plants. Like generators, STATCOMs could keep the voltage in the network constantly stable by themselves.
The STATCOM systems available today do not yet have these comprehensive network-supporting properties. They use common current control schemes that are state-of-the-art power electronic equipment for transmission grid applications. Technology companies like Siemens Energy will further develop the control algorithms and possibly the hardware accordingly. The new turnkey STATCOM system that Siemens Energy will build in Polsum and Rheinau will have these new gridsupporting features.
Siemens Energy is market leader in terms of number and total installed capacity of the worldwide installed STATCOM systems with modular multilevel power converter technology.

The static synchronous compensator (STATCOM) in Kriftel is one of three STATCOMs that Siemens Energy has already built for Amprion. In addition to the Gersteinwerk project, Siemens Energy is now developing two further plants in Rheinau and Polsum. They will be among the most powerful STATCOM installations worldwide.

Siemens Energy is one of the world’s leading energy technology companies. The company works with its customers and partners on energy systems for the future, thus supporting the transition to a more sustainable world. With its portfolio of products, solutions and services, Siemens Energy covers almost the entire energy value chain – from power generation and transmission to storage. The portfolio includes conventional and renewable energy technology, such as gas and steam turbines, hybrid power plants operated with hydrogen, and power generators and transformers. More than 50 percent of the portfolio has already been decarbonized. A majority stake in the listed company Siemens Gamesa Renewable Energy (SGRE) makes Siemens Energy a global market leader for renewable energies. An estimated one-sixth of the electricity generated worldwide is based on technologies from Siemens Energy. Siemens Energy employs more than 90,000 people worldwide in more than 90 countries and generated revenue of around €27.5 billion in fiscal year
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Christina Hümmer

Siemens Energy

+49 152 07158923