Wind energy is at the center of the transition to a less carbon-intensive and more sustainable energy system. Although the share of renewables in global electricity generation is rising, renewable power as a whole still needs to expand to meet decarbonization targets set by governments around the world. Siemens Energy is committed to driving this potential into real growth for the future of renewable power and offers a whole range of power transmission equipment, grid access solutions and services for the wind industry. To
date Siemens Energy received orders for 21 grid connections with more
than 12 gigawatts of offshore wind and produced more than 4,000 units of
sustainable high-voltage products such as distribution transformers and
switchgear for original equipment manufacturer of wind turbines.
With the commissioning of BorWin3, Siemens has handed over the fifth North Sea grid connection to its customer TenneT. After completion of successful test runs, the German/Dutch grid operator accepted the project. Siemens was responsible for the grid connection system including an onshore converter station. The grid connections HelWin1 and HelWin2, BorWin2, SylWin1, and BorWin3 – for which Siemens supplied all the technology for direct current transmission – are thus now in commercial operation and are transmitting power. Siemens was awarded the contract for BorWin3 in the spring of 2014. Being the fifth North Sea grid connection, it provides power to over a million German households. Siemens won the orders for the grid connections DolWin6 and BorWin5 in July 2017 and August 2020, respectively. They are scheduled to go into operation in 2023 and 2025. A total of about seven million households will be supplied with electricity generated from wind power via these seven links.
Siemens has developed a comprehensive concept for energy systems worldwide – the first such concept that takes into account and brings together not only technology but also the areas of regulation and social engagement. The Energy Value Charter aims to create customized solutions that will empower countries to make their energy systems fit for the future. The concept encompasses suggestions for implementing sustainable power-generation technologies, together with recommendations on how legal frameworks must be adapted to ensure that the full potential of these technologies can be tapped. In addition, the concept specifies options for promoting social engagement, such as work-study programs, as well as for refinancing infrastructure while simultaneously reducing greenhouse gas emissions. Siemens presented the concept at the 2019 Energy Transition Dialogue in Berlin, in the presence of energy ministers from a range of countries.
Siemens developed the concept to create a global framework for energy solutions for its businesses. With its Energy Value Charter, the company wants to enter into a dialogue with governments in order to shape energy systems in such a way that they provide the basis for economic growth, social engagement and sustainable development.
On January 24, 2018, the most powerful high-voltage direct-current (HVDC) transformer began its journey from the transformer factory in Nuremberg, Germany, to China. The transformer will first be transported to the harbor in Nuremberg by special heavy load transporter, where it will be loaded onto a ship. Its journey will take it to Rotterdam via the Main-Danube Canal, and from there it will be shipped to China, where it will arrive after several weeks on the high seas. In July 2016, Siemens received an order to manufacture four transformers of this type. About a year later, the world’s first 1,100 kV transformer was completed and successfully passed the tests in the testing facility. The enormous dimensions of the transformer – 37.5 meters long, 14.4 meters tall, and 12 meters wide – posed a logistical challenge for the team. In operation, the transformer weighs just under 900 tons and its efficiency is well above 99% of the rated power. For the first time, the transformer will enable a high-voltage direct-current (HVDC) transmission with low losses over a record distance of 3,284 kilometers with a transmission capacity of 12 gigawatts. HVDC transformers are part of the converter station that convert alternating current into direct current at the beginning of the transmission line and convert it back again at the end of the line. The conversion from alternating current to direct current helps to transmit energy over long distances with low losses. Transformers are key components of an HVDC line: Thanks to the transformer, the Changji-Guquan project will be able to transmit direct current with a huge 1,110 kilovolts for the first time in the world. The new transformer not only makes the transmission of this record voltage level possible, but it is also the world’s most powerful tested transformer with a capacity of 587 megavoltamperes. Siemens has thus achieved a new dimension in high-voltage direct-current transmission. The HVDC line between Changji and Guquan will be operated by State Grid Corporation (SGCC), a Chinese grid operator. The connection is expected to begin operation in 2019.